Monday, 19 March 2018 00:00

Causes and Symptoms of Hammertoes

A permanently bent toe typically signifies a condition known as hammertoe. Severe pain may accompany this condition and may result in other foot ailments. The most common reason behind hammertoe development is poorly fitting shoes that squeeze the toe into a smaller than adequate area. It's suggested to keep the toes as flat as possible to avoid corns and blisters from developing. Additional causes may include having a predisposed inherited gene, diabetes, and arthritis. Severe injuries, such as stubbing your toe, may change the structure of the toe and may possibly cause this condition. In addition to noticing the bent toe, there are other symptoms that are indicative of hammertoes. These include the toe becoming red and swollen and limited movement caused by intense pain. Please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist for more information and treatment options, which may include surgery.


Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Marc Keys from Marc. S. Keys, DPM. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.


Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.


  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes


Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe


Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Jackson and Adrian, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?
Monday, 12 March 2018 00:00

How to Prevent Blisters on the Feet

If you see a small area filled with clear fluid on your foot, you may have what is referred to as blister. It’s common for joggers to develop blisters on the feet, and their running is often compromised. Pain and discomfort are often associated with blisters, and the best way to avoid this condition from occurring is to be aware of how to prevent it. It’s important to wear running shoes that fit correctly, and this includes choosing a shoe size that is bigger than shoes that are worn while not running. Additionally, there are socks that are designed specifically for running, and blisters may not form as rapidly when worn. Typically, the best way to treat a blister is to leave it alone, and it will heal on its own. If it bursts and becomes infected, a bandage may be necessary to cover it for protection. Please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist if you would like information about blisters on the feet and how to treat them.

Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact Dr. Marc Keys of Marc. S. Keys, DPM. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How do Blisters Form?

Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment

It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.


If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Jackson and Adrian, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Blisters on the Feet
Monday, 05 March 2018 00:00

How to Care For Elderly Feet

One of the best things we can do for our feet is choose shoes that fit comfortably. Recent research has shown that our feet get wider as we age, so it’s suggested to have the feet measured frequently. Additionally, it’s beneficial to avoid wearing high heels and shoes that fit tightly. Shoes may fit differently because the skin on the feet may lose elasticity and the nails may become brittle. It’s important to stay as active as possible to help poor circulation, which is a common ailment among seniors. Athlete’s foot is a commonplace among the elderly population and can cause considerable discomfort. Simple preventative measures include keeping the skin clean and drying thoroughly in between the toes, which is especially helpful. Diabetic patients need to be very aware of any sores that may appear. Consider scheduling a consultation with a podiatrist for correct treatment options on how to care for your feet.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Marc Keys from Marc. S. Keys, DPM. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Jackson and Adrian, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Elderly and their Feet
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